openWrt软件开发教程1(交叉编译和ipk包生成)

一、交叉编译

1.      建立交叉编译环境

在使用buildroot对openwrt进行编译之后,在buildroot目录下会有一个名叫staging_dir的目录,针对当前平台的toolchain都在这个目录下。

1.1增加toolchain的目录到PATH目录中

Vim ~/.bash_profile

添加代码:

# add openWrt cross-compile path

PATH=$PATH:/home/jason/openWrt/trunk/staging_dir/toolchain-i386_gcc-4.6-linaro_uClibc-0.9.33.2/bin/

1.2   增加staging_dir的目录到toolchain PATH

Vim ~/.bash_profile

添加代码:

STAGING_DIR=/home/jason/openWrt/trunk/staging_dir/

exportSTAGING_DIR

1.3 保存退出

2.      编译

2.1 configure

./configure--target=i486-openwrt-linux-uclibc

2.2 make

make CC=i486-openwrt-linux-uclibc-gcc LD=i486-openwrt-linux-uclibc-ld

二、编译ipk包

1.      编译SDK

在buildroot目录下make menuconfig,然后选中SDK进行编译

选中后,进行make编译。

编译完成后,对应生成的SDK会出现类似这样的目录:“openWrt/trunk/bin/x86”,进入SDK后,打印当前工作路径如下:

“/openWrt/trunk/bin/x86/OpenWrt-SDK-x86-for-redhat-x86_64-gcc-4.6-linaro_uClibc-0.9.33.2”

2.      创建工程

在sdk的package目录下创建我们的工程“helloworld”:

新建目录中包含src目录,这个目录就是我们的源代码所在地,另外一个非常重要的文件Makefile,这个Makefile的组成与GNU的有所不同,有点类似于制作rpm包时的spec文件。到后面会有更详细的介绍。以下是具体文件的位置:


其中helloworld.c的内容如下:

Src目录下的Makefile文件内容如下:

最后是helloworld目录下的Makefile的内容:

##############################################

# OpenWrtMakefile for helloworld program

#

#

# Most ofthe variables used here are defined in

# theinclude directives below. We just need to

# specifya basic description of the package,

# whereto build our program, where to find

# thesource files, and where to install the

#compiled program on the router.

#

# Be verycareful of spacing in this file.

# Indentsshould be tabs, not spaces, and

# thereshould be no trailing whitespace in

# linesthat are not commented.

#

##############################################

include$(TOPDIR)/rules.mk

# Nameand release number of this package

PKG_NAME:=helloworld

PKG_RELEASE:=1

# Thisspecifies the directory where we're going to build the program.

# Theroot build directory, $(BUILD_DIR), is by default the build_mipsel

#directory in your OpenWrt SDK directory

PKG_BUILD_DIR:= $(BUILD_DIR)/$(PKG_NAME)

include$(INCLUDE_DIR)/package.mk

# Specifypackage information for this program.

# Thevariables defined here should be self explanatory.

# If youare running Kamikaze, delete the DESCRIPTION

#variable below and uncomment the Kamikaze define

# directivefor the description below

definePackage/helloworld

SECTION:=utils

CATEGORY:=Utilities

TITLE:=Helloworld-- prints a snarky message

endef

# Specifywhat needs to be done to prepare for building the package.

# In ourcase, we need to copy the source files to the build directory.

# This isNOT the default.  The default uses thePKG_SOURCE_URL and the

#PKG_SOURCE which is not defined here to download the source from the web.

# Inorder to just build a simple program that we have just written, it is

# mucheasier to do it this way.

defineBuild/Prepare

mkdir -p $(PKG_BUILD_DIR)

$(CP) ./src/* $(PKG_BUILD_DIR)/

endef

# We donot need to define Build/Configure or Build/Compile directives

# Thedefaults are appropriate for compiling a simple program such as this one

# Specifywhere and how to install the program. Since we only have one file,

# thehelloworld executable, install it by copying it to the /bin directory on

# therouter. The $(1) variable represents the root directory on the router running

#OpenWrt. The $(INSTALL_DIR) variable contains a command to prepare the install

#directory if it does not already exist. Likewise $(INSTALL_BIN) contains the

# commandto copy the binary file from its current location (in our case the build

#directory) to the install directory.

definePackage/helloworld/install

$(INSTALL_DIR) $(1)/bin

$(INSTALL_BIN) $(PKG_BUILD_DIR)/helloworld$(1)/bin/

endef

# Thisline executes the necessary commands to compile our program.

# Theabove define directives specify all the information needed, but this

# linecalls BuildPackage which in turn actually uses this information to

# build apackage.

$(eval $(call BuildPackage,helloworld))

 

这个Makefile的语法规则还是参考官网吧:

http://wiki.openwrt.org/doc/devel/packages

3.      编译

将当前目录返回到SDK:

执行make进行编译。如果一切顺利,最后的结果会保存在SDK/bin/x86/packages目录下,名称为helloword_1_x86.ipk。

4.      安装最新编译的包

通过scp将该包拷贝到目的机器上,通过opkg包管理工具进行安装:

Opkg install helloworld_1_x86.ipk

一切顺利,包安装成功,在当前路径下执行helloworld查看程序执行结果。

 

未经允许不得转载:SuperMan's blog » openWrt软件开发教程1(交叉编译和ipk包生成)

评论 0

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址